The Pajama Game
It's hard to know who to root against in the bloggers vs. CNN controversy that led to the resignation of CNN's Eason Jordan, a twenty-three-year veteran of the network. Right-wing bloggers speak of themselves as having replaced the mainstream media. And while it is impossible to generalize about the global blog phenomenon (indeed, in May 2002 I started an edited MSNBC weblog, http://www.altercation.msnbc.com/), one thing you can say about bloggers is that they are not professional journalists--unless, of course, they also happen to be professional journalists.
This is both a good and a bad thing. The MSM operate with countless blinders, and plenty of people with specialized knowledge enjoy the capacity to invigorate the MSM's frequently brain-dead discourse. The analysis of US Middle East policy one finds on Juan Cole's blog is consistently superior to what usually appears in the MSM; ditto Brad DeLong on economic policy. The blog Left2Right offers a host of intelligent contributions from the world of academic philosophers. The list goes on and on.
Sometimes a fresh eye and a willingness to hammer away at the same topic from different angles can also be salutary. Dozens of journalists heard then-Senate majority leader Trent Lott celebrate legalized segregation, but it took journalist Joshua Micah Marshall and economist Duncan Black, a k a Atrios, to force them to recognize the racism of his remarks.
font link http://www.thenation.com/doc/20050314/alterman
about the author Eric Alterman
Termed "the most honest and incisive media critic writing today” in the National Catholic Reporter, and author of “the smartest and funniest political journal out there,” according to the San Francisco Chronicle, Eric Alterman is Professor of English at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, media columnist for The Nation, the “Altercation” weblogger for MSNBC.com (http://www.altercation.msnbc.com/), and a senor fellow at the Center for American Progress, for whose journal he writes and edits the “Think Again” column. Alterman is the author of the national bestsellers, What Liberal Media? The Truth About Bias and the News (2003,2004), and The Book on Bush: How George W. (Mis)leads America (with Mark Green, February 2004). His newest book is When Presidents Lie: A History of Deception and its Consequences (September, 2004). His Sound & Fury: The Making of the Punditocracy (1992, 2000), won the 1992 George Orwell Award, and his It Ain't No Sin to be Glad You're Alive: The Promise of Bruce Springsteen (1999, 2001), won the 1999 Stephen Crane Literary Award. Alterman is also the author of Who Speaks for America? Why Democracy Matters in Foreign Policy, (1998). A frequent lecturer and a contributor to virtually every significant national publication in the United States and many in Europe, in recent years, he has also been a columnist for: Worth, Rolling Stone, Mother Jones and The Sunday Express (London). A senior fellow of the World Policy Institute at New School University, and former Adjunct Professor of Journalism at NYU and Columbia, Alterman received his BA in History and Government from Cornell, his M.A. in International Relations from Yale, and his PhD in US History from Stanford. He lives with his family in Manhattan, where he is at work on a history of postwar American liberalism.
The Pajama Game
A false Wikipedia 'biography' - article on USATODAY
By John Seigenthaler
"John Seigenthaler Sr. was the assistant to Attorney General Robert Kennedy in the early 1960's. For a brief time, he was thought to have been directly involved in the Kennedy assassinations of both John, and his brother, Bobby. Nothing was ever proven."
This is a highly personal story about Internet character assassination. It could be your story.
I have no idea whose sick mind conceived the false, malicious "biography" that appeared under my name for 132 days on Wikipedia, the popular, online, free encyclopedia whose authors are unknown and virtually untraceable. There was more:
"John Seigenthaler moved to the Soviet Union in 1971, and returned to the United States in 1984," Wikipedia said. "He started one of the country's largest public relations firms shortly thereafter."
At age 78, I thought I was beyond surprise or hurt at anything negative said about me. I was wrong. One sentence in the biography was true. I was Robert Kennedy's administrative assistant in the early 1960s. I also was his pallbearer. It was mind-boggling when my son, John Seigenthaler, journalist with NBC News, phoned later to say he found the same scurrilous text on Reference.com and Answers.com.
I had heard for weeks from teachers, journalists and historians about "the wonderful world of Wikipedia," where millions of people worldwide visit daily for quick reference "facts," composed and posted by people with no special expertise or knowledge — and sometimes by people with malice.
At my request, executives of the three websites now have removed the false content about me. But they don't know, and can't find out, who wrote the toxic sentences.
I phoned Jimmy Wales, Wikipedia's founder and asked, "Do you ... have any way to know who wrote that?"
"No, we don't," he said. Representatives of the other two websites said their computers are programmed to copy data verbatim from Wikipedia, never checking whether it is false or factual.
Naturally, I want to unmask my "biographer." And, I am interested in letting many people know that Wikipedia is a flawed and irresponsible research tool.
But searching cyberspace for the identity of people who post spurious information can be frustrating. I found on Wikipedia the registered IP (Internet Protocol) number of my "biographer"- 65-81-97-208. I traced it to a customer of BellSouth Internet. That company advertises a phone number to report "Abuse Issues." An electronic voice said all complaints must be e-mailed. My two e-mails were answered by identical form letters, advising me that the company would conduct an investigation but might not tell me the results. It was signed "Abuse Team."
Wales, Wikipedia's founder, told me that BellSouth would not be helpful. "We have trouble with people posting abusive things over and over and over," he said. "We block their IP numbers, and they sneak in another way. So we contact the service providers, and they are not very responsive."
After three weeks, hearing nothing further about the Abuse Team investigation, I phoned BellSouth's Atlanta corporate headquarters, which led to conversations between my lawyer and BellSouth's counsel. My only remote chance of getting the name, I learned, was to file a "John or Jane Doe" lawsuit against my "biographer." Major communications Internet companies are bound by federal privacy laws that protect the identity of their customers, even those who defame online. Only if a lawsuit resulted in a court subpoena would BellSouth give up the name.
Little legal recourse
Federal law also protects online corporations — BellSouth, AOL, MCI Wikipedia, etc. — from libel lawsuits. Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, passed in 1996, specifically states that "no provider or user of an interactive computer service shall be treated as the publisher or speaker." That legalese means that, unlike print and broadcast companies, online service providers cannot be sued for disseminating defamatory attacks on citizens posted by others.
Recent low-profile court decisions document that Congress effectively has barred defamation in cyberspace. Wikipedia's website acknowledges that it is not responsible for inaccurate information, but Wales, in a recent C-Span interview with Brian Lamb, insisted that his website is accountable and that his community of thousands of volunteer editors (he said he has only one paid employee) corrects mistakes within minutes.
My experience refutes that. My "biography" was posted May 26. On May 29, one of Wales' volunteers "edited" it only by correcting the misspelling of the word "early." For four months, Wikipedia depicted me as a suspected assassin before Wales erased it from his website's history Oct. 5. The falsehoods remained on Answers.com and Reference.com for three more weeks.
In the C-Span interview, Wales said Wikipedia has "millions" of daily global visitors and is one of the world's busiest websites. His volunteer community runs the Wikipedia operation, he said. He funds his website through a non-profit foundation and estimated a 2006 budget of "about a million dollars."
And so we live in a universe of new media with phenomenal opportunities for worldwide communications and research — but populated by volunteer vandals with poison-pen intellects. Congress has enabled them and protects them.
When I was a child, my mother lectured me on the evils of "gossip." She held a feather pillow and said, "If I tear this open, the feathers will fly to the four winds, and I could never get them back in the pillow. That's how it is when you spread mean things about people."
For me, that pillow is a metaphor for Wikipedia.
John Seigenthaler, a retired journalist, founded The Freedom Forum First Amendment Center at Vanderbilt University. He also is a former editorial page editor at USA TODAY.
correlate link "Blogging, Journalism and Credibility "
article 4th december nytimes
This theory and action course highlights the culturally deviant, politically progressive potential of cooperation-enhancing technologies. Debates about online collaboration and social networking frequently focus solely on business. However, this class investigates political, culturally experimental, playful and deviant applications of these emerging contexts.
51 million Americans of all ages have contributed content such as blog entries, book reviews, mp3s, video, or podcasts online. This number contains 57% of all US teenagers, for example. The average European Internet user now spends 10 hours 15 minutes a week online. Artists use this huge participatory potential to create input-driven projects. But often rooms are opened and nobody comes to party. What are the needed incentives for people to participate? Videomakers use video blogs to create an offline audience for their tapes. Artists use blogs as portfolios and for day-to-day reflection. Art activist groups further their political agendas. Artists form social networks to create sustaining platforms for their work and ideas that are autonomous from art market resonance.
Scholars such as Rheingold, Benkler, Florida, and Lovink argue that a creative cooperative proficiency is THE key competence for the next decade.
" After successful completion of this course you will have a deeper understanding of contemporary mediaspheres. You will be a competent and confident contributor to such contexts! And you will be empowered to fully benefit from online social networks that are relevant to you!
(Vannevar Bush, Ted Nelson, Tim-Berners Lee
History of Geographically Distributed Communication .(Postal system, phone, letter writing, the postcard, email)
Short History of Participation in Art; The Model of the The Cultural ContextProvider. (Umberto Eco, ..., Marcel Duchamp, Fluxus, John Cage, ..., "Learning to LoveYou More" Miranda July (collab), "agoraXchange" Natalie Bookchin (collab),"Otherlands" and "Gold Rush" by Felix Stephan Huber, Philip Pocock, Udo Noll& Florian Wenz, "Berkley Oracle" by Jochen Gerz, "Pockets Full of Memories"by George Legrady, "The Apartment" by Martin Wattenberg, "Nine (9)" byMongrel)
Why Do People Contribute to the Public?("Bowling Alone" by Robert Putnam. Motivations. Incentives for workingtogether. Health communities. Self-help groups. "Cyberbalkanization," and"The Major Tom Syndrome." Tiziana Terranova.)
Blogs and Mailing Lists as Art.(Blogumentaries, video blogging, personal portfolio blogs. i.e. "Bump List")
The Internet Gift Economy.(Marcel Mauss, Jean Baudrillard, Richard Coyne, Yochai Benkler. Hierachiesof the gift exchange.
Marcel Mauss: The Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies. Originally published as Essai sur le don. Forme et raison de l'échange dans les sociétés archaïques in 1925, modern English edition: ISBN 039332043X.
collection of texts on the gift economy)
The Political Role of the Blogosphere.(Citizen journalism, Moveon, indymedia, Iraqi bloggers, CNN blogger, casestudy: Daoud Kuttab's blog)
Private Media vs. Public Media.(Every day blogging: i.e. Live Journal)
Extreme Sharing Networks.(Intro to network culture. The model of the Extreme Sharing Network)
The Hell of Networked Labor.(What skeptics say about immaterial labor, and the networked lifestyle
Peer2Peer Production. Alternative Internet Economies.(Generation "C." Beyond browsing: content creation online. The term of theProduser. Case studies: Wikipedia, Del.icio.us, MySpace, DistributedLearning Projects, Odeo, Skype, RSS, also: audioblogs, podcasts.)
Property Issues! and the Unregulated Commons.(What is meant by unregulated commons? Copyright. Copyleft. GPL/CreativeCommons)
Writing and the Digital Life.(Katherine Hayles. Was Karl Marx a blogger? Trace)
Toward a Literacy of Cooperation.(Collaboration skills)
Bruns, A. (2005) Gatewatching: Collaborative Online News Production, New York: Peter Lang.
Siegert, Bernhard. Relays: Literature as an Epoch of the Postal System(Stanford UP, 1999). This is a book about how mail inf(l)ected literatureand any of the chapters in the first two parts (they're all pretty short)would provide for an interesting discussion.Gumbrecht, Hans Ulrich & Pfeiffer, K. Ludwig (eds.). Materialities ofCommunication (Stanford UP, 1994). Contains: K. Ludwig Pfeiffer, "TheMateriality of Communication"; Niklas Luhmann, "How Can the Mind Participatein Communication?"Mattelart, Armand. The Invention of Communication (Minnesota, 1996). Eitherthe introduction or the epilogue.
This section only References/ Recommended Reading (0)
Please note that these are course references in progress! I'll review this material to select suitable references.
-Trebor Scholz (November 30, 2006)
In August 1991, Sir Tim Berners-Lee created the first website.Fourteen years on, he tells BBC Newsnight's Mark Lawson how bloggingis closer to his original idea about a read/write web.
BlogTalk2.0 conference Viennahttp://www.archive.org/details/BlogTalk
--I asked the vlogging yahoo list for recommendation for artistic vlogs and they generously responded with these links, which I will have to study to make a selection:
David Weinberger on vlogs:http://www.blogumentary.org/video/weinberger_akma.mov
Resource List by Sue Thomas ([empyre] mailing list) of Writing and the Digital Life:
Writing and the Digital Life A collaborative transdisciplinary blog and listserv about the impact of digital technologies upon writing and lived experience. We talk about writing and reading in the context of 'new and old' media, transliteracy, craft, art, process and practice, social networks, cooperation and collaboration, narrative and memory, human computer interaction, imagination, nature, mind, body, and spirit. http://writing.typepad.com/
Hello World Personal blog, to accompany Sue Thomas' print book Hello World: travels in virtuality http://travelsinvirtuality.typepad.com/
trAce Online Writing Centre Ten years old this year - a huge resource of works and articles about writing and working in the digital environment http://trace.ntu.ac.uk/
Institute for the Future of the Book - IF:book A collaborative weblog exploring the evolution of publishing, education and creative labor in the digital age http://www.futureofthebook.org/blog/
Writer Response Theory A blogging collective dedicated to the discussion and exploration of digital character art - any art involving electrons and making use of letters, alphanumerics, or other characters in an interesting way. Our primary focus is on active and interactive works, in which users input text and receive textual responses as output.
Electronic Literature Organization Facilitates and promotes the writing, publishing, and reading of literature in electronic media.
Apparently, Forbes has an article bashing blogs and Boing Boing wrote aresponse. It must be rough for such a dinosaur as Forbes to watch thereal world effect of mostly free, distributed forms of informationsharing, namely that corporations that do nasty inhuman things aregetting called out for it. They call it "Brand Bashing". I call it adosage of reality and a move towards dialogue as opposed to silence orjust one way propaganda. Hoorah!http://slashdot.org/articles/05/10/28/2117238.shtml?tid=166&tid=95
== Adrian Miles recommended: temporary-collection-of-my-blog-teaching-gunk/
and the BlogTalk conferences
Loss Gazier recommended
Blogging as curating
From Rohrpost:an Schmidt (Bamberg); Klaus Schönberger (Hamburg & Wien), Christian Stegbauer (Frankfurt a.M.):Erkundungen von Weblog-Nutzungen. Anmerkungen zum Stand der Forschung.URL: http://www.soz.uni-frankfurt.de/K.G/B4_Schmidt_Schoenberger_Stegbauer.pdf
Julia Franz („Diskursive Formationen“ http://blog.twoday.net)Praktiken des Bloggens im Spannungsfeld von Demokratie und KontrolleURL: http://www.soz.uni-frankfurt.de/K.G/B6_2005_Franz.pdf
Rasco Perschke und Maren Lübcke (Hamburg-Harburg):Zukunft Weblog?! – Lesen, Schreiben und die Materialität der Kommunikation. Anmerkungen zu einem neuen Typus der Online-Kommunikation aus kommunikationstheoretischer Sicht.URL: http://www.soz.uni-frankfurt.de/K.G/B7_2005_Perschke_Luebke.pdf
Ingrid Francisca Reichmayr (Wien):Weblogs von Jugendlichen als Bühnen des Identitätsmanagements. Eine explorative Untersuchung.URL: http://www.soz.uni-frankfurt.de/K.G/B8_2005_Reichmayr.pdf
ForschungsnotizSteffen Albrecht, Maren Lübcke, Rasco Perschke und Marco Schmitt (Hamburg):“Hier entsteht eine neue Internetpräsenz“ – Weblogs im Bundestagswahlkampf 2005.URL: http://www.soz.uni-frankfurt.de/K.G/F1_2005_Albrecht_Luebcke_Perschke_Schmitt.pdf
Mit dem Erscheinen dieses Themenschwerpunktes wurde nun auch ein Weblog, k@g-Blog, eingerichtet, in dem nicht nur die einzelnen Texte der Weblog-Sonderausgabe diskutiert, sondern auch künftige Beiträge zu anderen Themen direkt und unmittelbar kommentiert werden können und sollen. URL: http://cms-sprachlabor.split.uni-bamberg.de/kommunikation-gesellschaft/
Some Refrences from Alex Halavais (Thanks):http://schoolof.info/inf507http://schoolof.info/com515
Many Pieces Loosely Joined by David Weinbergerhttp://www.smallpieces.com/content/preface.html
RSS feeds of vlogs:http://getfireant.com/
Intro to Vlogging at VloggerCon 05 (video)
RSS feeds of vlogs:http://getfireant.com/
Course on Social Software
==Interactive Webpages change Class Participation
Adrian Miles comments on teaching networked media
reference http://collectivate.net/ a site of Trebor Scholz is an artist, media theorist, activist, and organizer based in Brooklyn and Buffalo, New York. He is the founder of the Institute for Distributed Creativity. In 2005 he organized Share, Share Widely, the first large-scale conference to address media art education in the United States.
Domenica 18 Dicembre, Milano - Associazione Culturale Xx(y)Via Bianchi D'Espinosa angolo Via Graziano Imperatore, Quartiere NiguardaTram: 4, 5 Fermata Niguarda Centro
XML, RSS, W3C, Accessibilita', Browser, Web Semantico
Un incontro teorico su cambiamenti delle reti e di internet.Il seminario e' accessibile a chiunque, in particolare e' di interesse per chi si occupa di Information Technology, Web Design, Ergonomia, Hacking e Filosofia delle reti.Nuovi standard dell'accessibilita'online, dalla sintassi alla semantica.Un seminario per descrivere reti le cui proprieta' intrinseche consentano il massimo livello di connessione e percorribilita'.Ma per approdare a simili reti semantiche occorre esplicitare i meccanismi attraverso i quali le macchine possono percorrere le reti, espanderle e rispondere cosi' alle nostre domande.Un momento di formazione per discutere di intelligenza connettiva nel web.Il seminario e' gratuito, ma e' gradita una sottoscrizione libera.Il pranzo costa 8.00 euro a persona. Il ricavato andra' a sostenere le spese dell'associazione e dell'organizzazione dell'evento.Chiediamo conferma della vostra presenza ed eventuale prenotazione del pranzo attraverso l'invio di una email a corinna _at_ inventati _dot_ org.Programma:10.00 Benvenuto10.30 Inizio seminario Introduzione: html, http, browser, storia della WWW e della W3 Problemi web odierno: la soluzione semantica e le ontologie L'html puo' essere semantico?: meta, span, shoe Intelligenza Artificiale v.s. Web Semantico: reti e cambiamenti concettuali Cos'e' l'XML?: xml, namespace, dtd, xmlschema13.00 Pausa pranzo con buffet su prenotazione14.30 Ripresa Introduzione ai sette livelli del web semantico Unicode.org e uri RDF e RDFSchema: analisi e applicazioni16.30 break17.00 Ripresa Strato ontologico: OWL Lite, OWL DL, OWL Full Progetti Opensource e Link18.30 ConclusioneIl seminario si svolgera' attraverso l'uso di slide, verranno forniti alcuni materiali cartacei di supporto.
Per informazioni:E-MAIL: email@example.com
Imagining Ourselves, A Global Generation of Women reaches out to a new generation of women—the one billion women in their twenties and thirties—answering the question, “what defines your generation?” Through an interactive online exhibit, a series of global gatherings and a new book, Imagining Ourselves is a platform for young women to create positive change in their lives, communities and the world. Imagining Ourselves is a project of the International Museum of Women.
Be a part of the Conversation – Submit Your Work Today!
Imagining Ourselves will launch on International Women’s Day, March 8, 2006, and includes:
Anthology - An inspiring collection of photography, painting, collage, poetry and essays from young women around the world including novelist Zadie Smith, Ani di Franco, Karenna Gore-Schiff, Lauren Bush, Cathy Freeman and HRM Queen Rania of Jordan. Order your book at Amazon
Online Exhibit - Interactive multilingual gallery at http://www.imow.org/ of over 300 interpretations of women answering the question, “What defines your generation?” The exhibit is presented in an online community with discussion forums, resources for action, and educational outreach and curricula available for educators. The exhibit will be organized around the following themes:
March – Love: Love and Relationships in a Changing World
April – Money: Young Women in Today’s Economy
May – Culture and Conflict: Uniting Women Across Boundaries
June – The Future: Taking Action and Charting a Path for Young Women
Global Gatherings - Local events and discussions based on the monthly themes of the Online Exhibit, hosted by distinguished participants, partner organizations and individuals around the world. (Link here to join our Launch)
“I am startled by the assured attitude of these young women, their creative force, and their capacity for leadership. Nothing can stop them.”
--Isabel Allende, from foreword to the Imagining Ourselves anthology
Imagining Ourselves began in the Fall of 2001. Project Director Paula Goldman sent a call to women in their twenties and thirties in every corner of the globe. She asked the question, “What defines your generation of women?” She and her team received over 3000 responses, and 800 formal submissions from over 105 countries. Imagining Ourselves was born.
Overwhelming interest and enthusiasm from around the globe has caused the project to grow to tremendous heights. A network of over 200 organizations around the globe are sponsoring events or outreach for the launch in March, 2006. A growing list of prominent young women, from Olympic Gold Medallist Oksana Baiul, to Marisa Monte, one of Brazil’s most popular young musicians, have submitted their work for the project.
An unpatched design flaw in Microsoft Corp.'s Internet Explorer browser could give malicious hackers an easy way to use the Google Desktop application to covertly hijack user information.
Matan Gillon, a hacker from Israel, discovered the vulnerability in the cross-domain protections in Internet Explorer and published a proof-of-concept exploit to show how Google Desktop can be cracked.
An anthology by new media thinkers
Edited by Nora Paul, Institute for New Media Studies, University of Minnesotaand funded by The Media Center
Digital Think is a compilation of thoughts and stories by an eclectic array of digital media designers, editors, artists and producers who come from various backgrounds including journalism, art, gaming, academia, activism, and design. These are their thought and ideas on conceptualizing digital content, what makes digital storytelling different from legacy media, how new tools for crafting stories are changing content forms, or what still needs to happen to fully realize the development of this fourth medium. These are personal stories about becoming engaged in new forms of communication and the how and why of these projects. Their ideas reveal the potential of new story forms to create impactful, engaging, and meaningful content.
Launch Digital Think
Un blog canadese non ufficiale riguardante GOOGLE MAPS. Segnala siti e idee che usano Google map.
C'e' veramente di tutto, come la possibilita' di mappare il primo bacio , banca dati mappata degli uragani o meteoriti, le segnalazioni dei migliori luoghi per il surf, la mappa per golfisti e la possibilita' attraverso mapki (map + wiki) di creare una mappa personalizzata.
mapping mania 1
mapping mania 2
Aumentano gli italiani con diete mediatiche evolute. I cosiddetti “marginali” e i “poveri di media”, sono rimasti stabili, con una minima contrazione, i primi dal 9,1% all’8,3% (in valore assoluto circa 300 mila persone in meno), e i secondi dal 37,5% al 37,4% (ossia 400 mila persone in meno). Quattro anni di evoluzione e rivoluzione nei media, con massicce ondate di diffusione di media digitali: cellulari (+19 milioni), internet (+5 milioni), computer (+4,8 milioni), tv satellitare (+1,9 milioni), nulla hanno potuto su questo solido strato di “marginali e poveri” nel consumo di media, che sono quindi rimasti tali. I “consumatori medi” (buoni utilizzatori di media, ma senza internet) decrescono del 2,5% e di 800 mila persone in termini assoluti, a tutto vantaggio dei due gruppi più evoluti (quelli che non hanno problemi a usare internet). Infatti gli “onnivori” crescono del 2,4% (cioè di 1 milione e 300 mila persone) e i “pionieri” incrementano il loro peso dell’1%, pari a 500 mila persone in più.Negli ultimi quattro anni gli italiani “mono-mediali” sono diminuiti di 700 mila persone, mentre i “multi-mediali” sono cresciuti di circa un 1 milione; nel complesso la popolazione al 2005 è praticamente divisa a metà, anche se si accentua una tendenza alla multi-medialità: 45,7% di mono-mediali (22 milioni e 600 mila persone) e 54,3% di multi-mediali (27 milioni e 200 mila persone). Il famigerato digital divide, al 2005, taglia fuori il 79,5% della popolazione, cioè 39 milioni e 600 mila persone, che tuttavia dal 2002 sono diminuiti del 3,4%, quindi di circa 1 milione e 500 mila persone; mentre al di qua vivono in piena era digitale, relazionale, mediatica, innovativa, mondializzata, al 2005, 10 milioni e 200 mila italiani, pari al 20,5% della popolazione.
Continua il successo della radio. Nella fascia d’età fra i 30 e i 44 anni ha raggiunto il 69,8%, e tra i diplomati il 66,1%, avvicinandosi notevolmente ai valori degli adolescenti, da sempre i maggiori consumatori di radio. Ma non è la programmazione a determinare nuova attenzione verso la radio. Questo incremento è dovuto a un cambiamento in atto nelle modalità di contatto: il 45,3% degli italiani ritiene che ormai informazione e musica passino dappertutto e considera indifferente il mezzo attraverso il quale ascoltare le trasmissioni radio, perché è esplosa la diffusione di strumenti agili e leggeri di riproduzione del flusso radiofonico (lettori mp3, cellulari, internet).
La carta sopravvive nel mondo digitale. Si registra solo una leggera flessione nella lettura dei settimanali (dal 44,3% del 2002 al 44,1% del 2005) e dei mensili (dal 24% al 23,2%) e il piacere di sfogliare, anche distrattamente, la propria rivista preferita, in un momento di relax, non è paragonabile ad altre attività. Negli ultimi dieci anni i settimanali d’attualità hanno ottenuto un notevole successo passando nel complesso da 3.119.697 copie diffuse nel 1994 a 5.104.417 nel 2004. I mensili di arredamento/architettura con 1.248.274 copie diffuse nel 2004, rispetto alle 550.931 nel 1994, e quelli dedicati alla gastronomia che da 820.802 copie sono saliti a 1.598.004. Sfogliare, conservare, collezionare, forse non è mai stato così importante come oggi.Prima di comprare ormai si passa da internet. La metà degli utenti di internet, ossia circa 10 milioni di persone prima di acquistare cercano on line le informazioni sui prodotti che intendono comprare. Il 18% fa normalmente acquisti on line, e tradotto in termini assoluti significa che sono 3 milioni le persone che fanno acquisti on line, un numero abbastanza significativo se confrontato con quello pressoché nullo di pochi anni fa. Nel 2001 il 42,5% degli utenti considerava invadente la pubblicità su internet, e non era poco, ma il numero degli insofferenti è salito nel 2005 al 57,8%, mentre nello stesso periodo quelli che la ritengono una fonte insostituibile di finanziamento sono passati dal 26,5% al 16,5%, e si è ridotto al 4,1% il numero di coloro che l’apprezzano per il suo linguaggio efficace ed espressivo (era il 12,9% nel 2001).
I quotidiani tengono quelli gratuiti piacciono. Il numero degli italiani che si accostano ai quotidiani è in leggera flessione, visto che i lettori dei giornali sono passati, in percentuale sulla popolazione superiore ai 14 anni, dal 57,5% del 2001 al 54,9% del 2005. Tuttavia, ad aver conosciuto un vero calo è stato il numero di quanti leggono il giornale spesso, almeno tre volte a settimana (dal 42,3% al 38%), mentre sono aumentati quelli che li leggono una o due volte alla settimana (dal 15,2% al 16,9%). Tra i dati del 2001 e quelli del 2005 emerge chiaramente che, se è vero che migliora nettamente il giudizio espresso sulla volgarità contenuta nei quotidiani (che scende dal 31,2% al 21,6%), d’altra parte salgono notevolmente sia l’impressione che i quotidiani vogliano imporre il loro punto di vista (dal 22,1% al 26,4%), sia il disturbo determinato da un eccessivo ossequio verso i potenti (dal 16,2% al 23,3%). Aggiungendo anche il lieve incremento del giudizio negativo espresso sulla faziosità (dal 19,5% al 20,7%). Quasi 14 milioni di italiani, d’altra parte, dichiarano di leggere, anche solo occasionalmente, i quotidiani che vengono distribuiti gratuitamente. Ovviamente la maggior parte delle persone a cui capita di avere tra le mani questi giornali li legge per curiosità (51,8%) o perché non costano nulla (24%), però il dato più interessante è quello relativo ai lettori che apprezzano questo tipo di giornali perché “dicono l’essenziale senza far perdere tempo” (il 9,6% dei lettori della free press, pari a circa 1 milione e 350 mila persone) e che li considerano il “futuro della stampa quotidiana” (8,7%, circa 1 milione e 200 mila lettori). E’ solo una coincidenza, ma tra il 2001 e il 2005 sono venuti a mancare ai quotidiani circa 1 milione e 300 mila lettori, pressappoco la cifra di quanti considerano in modo positivo i giornali gratuiti. Ma è solo una coincidenza, statisticamente non fondata, anche se significativa.